Vollis Simpson

Vollis Simpson, the inventor of a wind-powered sculptural environment, worked the family farm in North Carolina until he was drafted into the Army Air Corps in 1941. When he was discharged in 1945, he opened a repair shop for trucks and tractors.

Simpson began building his kinetic sculptures while in the Army Air Corps. He constructed a windmill that “‚Ķpicked up dirty clothes in baskets – slushed ’em through soapy water.” It was this experience and a surfeit of discarded materials from his repair ship that provided the impetus Simpson needed to create his unusual outdoor environment.

– Rosenak, Chuck and Jan. Museum of American Folk Art Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century American Folk Art and Artists. New York: Abbeville Press, Inc., 1990.